Matthew 16:13-19—— When Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi, He asked His disciples, saying, “Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?” So they said, “Some say John the Baptist, some Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”
He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”
When Simon answered and said,” You are the Christ, the Son of the living God”, he was obviously under the anointing and he himself was unaware of what he had just said.
With that revelation Simon is definitely not the same person anymore. This revelation has brought a change. And it starts with Jesus calling him “Peter”. Peter was not simply a name Jesus gave him but a declaration of who he was because of the revelation he received from the Father.
Jesus said he had become a Peter or Petros which means a large piece of rock. Jesus said upon this rock He would build His church and the gates of hell would not prevail against it.
We too can become “a rock”, when we have a relationship with God through His Word. When we are enlightened with a revelation from the Word of God we are no longer the same person, we change.
We can learn about the Bible as a subject but that does not imply that we know God. A person may not know how to read or write the Word of God, but when they hear the Word spoken, it touches their heart and mind and changes their life.
Christ was telling Peter that He (Christ) was about to establish the New Testament Church, lead it, be with it always, and that the gates of hell [Hades—the grave] would never prevail against it. God’s Church was to continue to exist, doing His Work through the ages as a “little flock” until the end of the age, when it would circle the whole world with the good news of the kingdom of God This Church would be persecuted but would never die out, remaining until Christ’s Return.
The “keys” He is referring to here is symbolic language meaning that He gives His ministers the knowledge of how to enter the kingdom. This knowledge shows the way of life a Christian must follow in order to achieve salvation. This was the only way for Christians to show their love for God.
The way you store up treasure in heaven is by investing in getting people there.